What does a survivor-centred approach involve?
According to UN Women (2011), a survivor-centred approach puts “the rights, needs, and wishes of the survivor” first. This includes:
- Respectful treatment
- Freedom from victim-blaming attitudes.
- Choice about how to deal with the violence
- Information with which to make informed choices
- Privacy and confidentiality
- Freedom from “discrimination based on gender, age, race/ ethnicity, ability, sexual orientation, HIV status or any other characteristic.”
How is a Survivor-Centred approach different from a Trauma Informed Approach?
- The emphasis on the survivor’s empowerment resonates strongly with principles of Trauma Informed Practice.
- One difference is that using Trauma Informed Principles also means applying these principles when engaging with respondents in sexual assault cases, whereas survivor-centricity focuses specifically on the survivor.
What does the term “survivor-centred” have to do with university SV/SA policies?
University SV/SA policies and descriptions of supports available to victims/survivors of sexual violence often include a statement that they are “survivor-centred.” This makes sense, given that these policies intend largely to meet the needs of survivors.