Put yourself in the other person’s shoes
Basically, being able to put yourself in the other person's shoes helps with questions like whether it should be reported or how it should be reported. You should open up your state of mind, especially if you know the person, then the person can confide in you. Being able to put yourself in the other person's state of mind and their particular situation, you will be able to come to a better conclusion as to what to do and what action to take.
Use approaches that are trauma informed and survivor-centred.
Emphasize the victim's right to decide whether they would like to report the incident after they have disclosed it to the university. Ensure the victim is aware of the formal and informal routes for reporting, including the option of reporting to the police. Clearly communicate any limits to confidentiality.